Welcome to Kiev
Kiev is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, Hero City. Located on the River Dnieper. Is the center of Kyiv agglomeration. Kiev - a separate administrative unit of Ukraine, cultural, political, social, economic, transport and scientific center of the country and the government. Kiev is also the administrative center of the Kiev region, although not a member of it, with a special legal status Located in the north central part of Ukraine.
During its long history, Kiev was the capital of the glades, Kievan Rus, the principality of Kiev, the Ukrainian National Republic, Ukrainian State, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and since 1991 - the independent Ukraine.
The city has its own coat of arms and flag. Because of its historical importance as a center of Kievan Rus, the city and still referred to as "mother of Russian cities." The length of the city from north to south - 50 km from west to east - 56 km.
In 2005, Kiev was the site of the 50th song contest Eurovision. In 2012 he was one of four Ukrainian cities that will host the European Football Championship in 2012.
Kiev, the largest city of Ukraine - has at least 1,400 years. If we believe the chronicle tradition, Kiev was founded by three brothers: Kiy , Schek , Horiv and their sister Lybed . Kiev named Kya, elder brother. Another legend says that the appearance of a large city on the hilly banks of the Dnieper was predicted Andrew .
The exact date of its founding is not installed. The first Slavic settlement on the assumptions of some authors, existed in the territory of the modern city are in the VI century . The city flourished as a center of Kievan Rus in the X-XII centuries. During the Mongol invasion in 1240, Kiev was destroyed and fell into decay. In later centuries, Kiev was the center of administrative units in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania , the Commonwealth and the Kingdom of Russian , which was transformed into the Russian Empire .
Kiev has grown enormously during the Industrial Revolution of the late XIX century. In a short but eventful post-revolutionary period, the city was at the epicenter of several armed conflicts, and had time to visit the capital of a number of Ukrainian state. Since 1921, the city was part of the Soviet Union, in 1934, became the capital of Soviet Ukraine . During World War II the city suffered major damage, many ancient monuments have been lost in the years of Stalin's reconstruction of the city center. After the war, became the third largest city in the Soviet Union after Moscow and St. Petersburg , the capital of the second most populous Soviet republic. Kiev is the capital of independent Ukraine since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Special Legal Status
The capital of Ukraine
According to Art. 133 of the Constitution city of Kiev, capital of Ukraine has a special status, defined by the Law of Ukraine "On the capital of Ukraine - the city-hero of Kiev" and is not subject to the regional leadership (the same rights enjoyed by Ukraine city of Sevastopol ). According to the law and its interpretation by the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, the Kyiv City State Administration (KSCA) is automatically Kyiv mayor is elected by direct popular vote by achieving the greatest number of votes in elections, the mayor of the voters.
Culture and Leisure
Opera and Ballet
In Kiev, 27 museums, 25 theaters and studios (for example, the National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre of Ukraine named after Taras Shevchenko, Kiev Municipal Academic Opera and Ballet Theater for Children and Youth, the National Academic Drama Theatre. Franko National Academic Theatre of Russian drama. Lesya Ukrainka theater on Podol, Kiev Academic Theatre of young, Kiev National Academic Opera Theatre, Kiev State Academic Puppet Theatre, Kiev Municipal Academic Puppet Theatre, Kiev State Academic Theatre of Drama and Comedy on the left bank of Kiev theater stage, theater "Silver island").
In Kiev, there is one of the largest planetariums in the CIS.
Kiev is rich in culture and art. The most important of them are: Golden Gate, St. Sophia Cathedral (XI cent.), Vudubickiy (XI cent.), A complex of buildings of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (XI-XVIII cc.), St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery, Florovsky Monastery (the beginning of the XVI century. ), Church of the Savior on birch bark (XII century.), Baroque Revival, St. Andrew, Intercession, Trinity Church, painted by Viktor Vasnetsov, Mikhail Nesterov, etc. Vladimir Cathedral (XIX c.), restored / painted by Mikhail Vrubel Cyril Church (XII century. ) Klovsky and the Mariinsky Palace.
Forests, parks and gardens make up more than half of its area. In the city, there are two botanical gardens.
Kiev is rightly called one of the greenest cities in the world (as he once was considered to be green). Famous Kiev chestnuts that are luxuriously blooming in May, and sometimes twice a year, in spring and autumn, became one of the symbols of the city.
Large cinema centers
Kiev Opera House (1867) - Architect IV Strom.
Old Stock Exchange (1873)
Central Museum of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (1931) - architect IY Karakis
Vladimir cathedral - architect IV Strom.
National Museum of History of Ukraine (1939) - architect IY Karakis
National Bank of Ukraine (1902 - 1905) - the architects Alexander Kobelev and Alexander Verbitsky
"House with chimeras" - architect Vladimir Gorodetsky
Administration of the President of Ukraine
National Academic Drama Theatre. Ivan Franko
Preschool institution № 1, the so-called "Palace of children's happiness" (1939) - IY Karakis
Museums in Kiev
Museum of Folk Architecture and Life str. Red Banner , 1 Known Ukrainian Skansen . On the territory of 150 hectares collected over 300 buildings seventeenth to the early twentieth century homes, churches , farm buildings. They are grouped on a regional basis.
Kiev literary-memorial museum of Maxim Rylsky str. Rila , 7 The museum, which is located in the house of the writer Maxim Rylsky - things that surrounded the master during his life, a large number of manuscripts, as well as the private library of Maxim Rylsky, including books signed by the authors.
Museum Jakubowski Dulcimer Street Yar , 6-A Private museum. Contains a collection of talismans and icons .
National Museum of Ukrainian beekeeping str. Zabolotnogo , 19 The museum contains material on the history of beekeeping , pictures of famous scientists and beekeepers, there is a section of apitherapy, new knowledge and technologies in the field. The museum tells about all the stages of production of honey from the bee colony characteristics of life and ending with a variety of technologies for the collection of honey . Also describes the beliefs and legends associated with honey.
Historical Memorial Museum Grushevskogo str. Pankovskaya , 9 The museum - the creator of the original letters history of the Ukrainian nation, and his family, and other prominent figures of the Ukrainian movement and culture, labor historian, publication he edited, books from his personal library. To recreate the memorial apartment M. Grushevskogo assembled furniture and household items, interior photos .
Museum of eminent Ukrainian culture str. Saksaganskogo , 93, 93-b, 95, 97, and 97-in st. Zhilyanskaya , 96 Museum dedicated to the life and work of Lesia Ukrainka , Mykola Lysenko , Panas Saksaganskogo , Michael Staritsky . Museum exhibits are placed in the memorial houses where famous people lived and have survived to the present day. Creating a general museum motivated proximity of buildings, where these artists lived. It consists of three divisions: Museum of Lesya Ukrainka Museum and the Museum of Mykola Lysenko Michael Staritskogo.
Museum of Lesya Ukrainka str. Saksaganskogo , 97 Museum is housed in the ten rooms of the house, in which the writer lived at various times from 1890 to 1910. It presents material on the life and work of Lesia Ukrainka , manuscripts , first editions of works, her personal belongings, etc.
House-Museum of Mykola Lysenko str. Saksaganskogo , 95-b Located in the home of the famous composer Mykola Lysenko . An introduction to the life and work of the composer. The museum also holds exhibitions of paintings, there are concerts.
Museum of Mikhail Staritskogo str. Saksaganskogo , 93 Serce display cabinet is Staritskogo . Preserved desk, wardrobe, small sofa, where in recent years the writer's life (behind the screen), his wife slept Vitalievna Sofia , sister of Mykola Lysenko. Next to the study room eldest daughter Maria Mikhailovna, honored artist, professor named Lysenko Muzdraminstituta .
Museum of History of the National Agrarian University str. Heroes of , 15 Established in 1966,
Museum Lobanovskyy Chervonozoryany Avenue , 146-148 (school № 319) Museum is housed in the school, where he studied under Valery Lobanovsky . There remained the Party, for which he was sitting young Lobanovsky book on algebra in 1952 the year of release, stands with photos of prom pictures and album of his classmates
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