Welcome to Edmonton
Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta . It has 812,201 inhabitants (2011). The metropolitan area (CMA) had 1,159,869 inhabitants in 2011. So Edmonton is the second largest city of the province and the sixth largest in Canada. With 683 km ² total area it is one of the largest cities in North America, it has also one of the lowest population densities.
Indian settlements date back at least 11,000 years, but the city leads to a fort that was built back in 1795. In 1905, Edmonton, capital of the province, which depended heavily until about World War II from agriculture. War production and mineral resources brought the town despite the inhospitable climate, a long-lasting industrial boom. Represent the most important industry today is the service sector, the largest employer next to the government the University of Alberta is.
Edmonton is located near the geographical center of the province, at an altitude of 668 meters above sea level. The area around the city is generally flat to slightly wavy, crossed by ravines and deep river valleys, such as the valley of the North Saskatchewan River . Although the Rocky Mountains just 220 km to the south west, the mountains are too far away for that they are visible from the tallest buildings in the city were made.
The North Saskatchewan River , at the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park rises, divides the city in southwest-northeast direction. It flows via the Saskatchewan River , the Lake Winnipeg and the Nelson River into Hudson Bay . In urban areas many streams flow into the river, such as the Mill Creek or the Whitemud Creek, whose gorges are integrated into parks. Edmonton is located between the plains to the south and boreal forest to the north. Described as aspen parkland transitional zone consists of trees with aspen and spruce , interspersed with open grassland. Agriculture, settlement and extraction of natural resources, these biosphere pushed back but in many places.
The river valley of Edmonton consists of the largest continuous system of urban parks in North America, the River Valley Park System. The city has the largest per capita area of parks of all Canadian cities. The city parks along the North Saskatchewan River are supplemented by numerous parks in different neighborhoods, and the total area is 111 km ². Within the 74-acre and 48 km long river park system, there are eleven lakes, 14 ravines, and 22 individual parks.  Five of these parks are for the " Famous Five "named.
Edmonton's park has one of the largest concentrations of healthy American elm trees that are not of elm disease are concerned, the most trees of this species in eastern North America have fallen victim. Banks pines , coastal pine , white spruce , bog birch , aspen , Red's , Linden , various poplars and willows and ash maples are also widespread. Introduced, non-native tree species include blue spruce , Norway maple , red oak , sugar maple , Horse Chestnut and McIntosh apple tree . Three walnut species - Butternut , Manchurian walnut , and black walnut - have survived in Edmonton.
Several golf courses , both public and private, are located in the river valley. Due to the location of the city in the far north can be played until the late evening hours. During the long winter season in the parks and on the golf courses winter sport is played, are especially popular cross-country skiing and ice skating . In the valley there are four areas for alpine skiing , two. within the city limits and two just outside.
The city center, the Downtown consists of the trade center, the Arts District, Rice Howard Way Pedestrian Mall, the. MacKay Avenue, Jasper-West, the Warehouse District and the Government District (Grandin neighborhood)
To this center be divided to more neighborhoods, which are referred to as neighborhoods, like Oliver, Glenora, Westmount, Inglewood, Central McDougall, McCauley, Alberta Avenue and Norwood to the north, Windsor Park, Garneau, Old Strathcona, Bonnie Doon south of the river . Riverdale, Rossdale, Walt Patterdale and Cloverdale, which are in the river valley defended themselves with partial success against an eviction attempt in the 1970s
Culture and sightseeing
In the southwest of the town is the Fort Edmonton Park, a replica of a fort of the Hudson's Bay Company and the main street of Edmonton circa 1885th To the west is the West Edmonton Mall , one of the largest malls in the world. The Jasper Avenue is the main street in the city center ( downtown ) of Edmonton. A lower center of the Whyte Avenue is the district of Strathcona with historic buildings, shops and mainly attended by student pubs and restaurants. Near Edmonton is the Alberta Railway Museum
Many high-rise buildings dominate the city's image, such as the Bell Tower . Tallest building in the city is the 149 meters high Epcor Tower , which is completed in 2011. Along the North Saskatchewan River, there are many hotels and conference centers, as well as large parks and park-like plants.
Often hidden among the streets and high-rise buildings, there are numerous churches. Old Strathcona mainly considered as historic district, in the ensemble of the 19 self-contained and the first half of the 20th Century find. The older churches were among the neo-gothic church, or took on French designs. The latter are mostly Catholic churches. But other Christian groups, such as the Ukrainian Orthodox and Ukrainian Catholic Church in the city recognizable.
The ethnic minorities are often rediscover the cityscape. Thus, the established Sikh Gurdwara Nanaksar with an impressive stamp on the 1410 Horse Hills Road NW.
Museums and galleries
Edmonton has more than 60 museums, galleries and permanent collections. The oldest museum in 1861, chapel built by Father Albert Lacombe is, a Catholic missionary, Primarily at the Métis, who speak French but, that is in Blackfoot and Cree operated in the St. Vital Avenue, in the northwest of the city. With little younger artifacts wait two Fort museums, stocked with reconstructions Fort Edmonton Park and the Fort Saskatchewan Museum, plus a military museum, the Loyal Edmonton Regiment Military Museum and museums for so-called pioneer story of how museum that of Stony Plain & Parkland Pioneer Society (west of Edmonton) and the Strathcona Heritage Museum. Ukrainian culture mediate the Ukrainian Canadian Archives & Museum of Alberta and the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village. Furthermore, there is an aviation museum, the Alberta Aviation Museum, two railway museums (Alberta Railway Museum and Archives, and the C & E Railway Museum), a museum about the history of the oil (Canadian Petroleum Discovery Centre) north of Edmonton, a palaeontological (Paleontology Museum ) at the University, as well as a school museum, a farm and an art museum and other exhibition venues.
The most important museum of the city is the Royal Alberta Museum, which is up to 2011 completely rebuilt for about $ 200 million. His specialties are in addition to the natural history, the history of the First Nations in Alberta and the history since the immigration of Europeans.
Art Gallery of Alberta
One of the main galleries, the Art Gallery of Alberta, the former Edmonton Art Gallery in 1968. This again went to the Edmonton Museum of Arts back in 1924. 1968 in the Brutalist built and named after the architect Don Bittorf Bittorf Building, the house was rebuilt for $ 88 million. Architect Randall Stout was the Californian. The building, built part of Bittorf-Bauses was on 31 January 2010 with a four-month exhibition of Francisco Goya opened.
The art of the First Nations is committed to Bearclaw Gallery, which was founded in 1975 by Agnes Bugera, and have exhibited in the internationally successful artists such as Norval Morrisseau. It is located in the Gallery Walk Area, where the west of the downtown to the 124th Street Galleries bales and more than 300 artists working. It developed from about the 1981st Since 1953 Latitude 53 is active, an association of artists who are committed to contemporary culture, the Contemporary Visual Culture.
Festivals, Theater, Musik
Edmonton hosts several festivals each year (hence the nickname, "The Festival City"). The Works Art & Design Festival from late June to early July shows artwork and design by Canadian and international artists. The Edmonton International Street Performer's Festival in mid-July is a major street artists festival with performances by artists from around the world. The most important event in the summer is Capital EX (formerly Klondike Days). It was originally an annual fair, which took up issues to the Klondike Gold Rush. Be offered Chuckwagon races, rides, concerts, trade shows and fireworks. In November will be held in conjunction with an agricultural exhibition, the Canadian Finals Rodeo, one of the largest rodeos in North America.
The Edmonton International Fringe Festival in mid-August for the Edinburgh Festival Fringe is the second largest theater festival in the world. Also in August, the Edmonton Folk Music Festival will be held. The Edmonton Heritage Festival shows the culture of the various immigrant peoples. Other important events are the Free Will Shakespeare Festival (Shakespeare performances), the Duanwu Festival (Dragon Boat Festival) and the Edmonton International Film Festival.
Edmonton is the University of Alberta was founded in 1908. Add to this the Grant MacEwan University, Concordia University College Of Alberta and King's University College and other educational institutions such as the St Stephen's Theological College and Guru Digital Arts College.
As the Old Strathcona Collegiate Institute Scona Academic Senior High School was founded in 1908 as one of the first colleges in Alberta. When the university was founded, many events took place in the college.
In addition to the University Library, there are libraries of colleges and museums, as well as public libraries.
To the high schools of Edmonton is the Strathcona High School
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